Growing concerns about economic growth have pushed oil prices back down. A barrel of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil currently trades for less than US$80. Thatâs roughly the same price it was before Russia invaded Ukraine in February.
Oil stocks like Suncor Energy (TSX:SU)(NYSE:SU) are closely following this trend. The stock is 30% cheaper than it was at its peak in June. Investors must now consider what comes next. Where do oil prices go from here, and what does that mean for Suncorâs valuation? Hereâs a closer look.Â
Whatâs next for oil prices?
Predicting oil prices is a foolâs errand. Traders make the mistake of focusing exclusively on supply-and-demand dynamics, whereas oil prices are determined by a complex mix of geopolitics and macroeconomic trends.Â
Very few people predicted Russiaâs invasion of Ukraine earlier this year. Even fewer believed oil prices would drop to pre-war levels, despite the ongoing conflict. Some experts, such as Pierre Andurand, were convinced each barrel would trade at US$250 by now.Â
Put simply, even the experts canât predict this volatile market. So, ordinary investors shouldnât attempt to place targets. Instead, it may be better to anchor your assumptions on the price floor. That means figuring out the cheapest price that each barrel of oil could trade at if the war ends and we enter a deep recession this winter.Â
Of all the forecasts made by experts and institutions, Citibank had the gloomiest outlook. Earlier this year, the bank predict oil prices would drop to US$65 per barrel this year and US$45 by next year.
Whether or not oil prices drop that low is not the point. I believe investors can use this gloomy prediction as the price floor for their valuations of oil stocks.
Suncor stock valuation
Suncor stock could be undervalued, even if oil prices fall further. Thatâs according to an analysis by industry veteran Eric Nuttall. In July, Nuttall used Citibankâs pessimistic forecast to calculate the free cash flow (FCF) yield of Canadian oil stocks. Assuming a barrel of crude oil trades at US$70, he found that most oil stocks would offer an FCF yield of 19% on average!
Put simply, oil stocks would offer a tremendous return, even if the commodity dives further next year.Â
Suncorâs FCF yield is slightly below average at 14%. However, thatâs still far better than most other stocks. Suncorâs FCF yield is seven times greater than the 3% dividend yield of the TSX Index. Itâs also double the earnings yield of the TSX 60 index.
Note that Suncorâs FCF yield could be much higher if Citibankâs prediction is wrong and oil prices rebound above $100 later this year.
Oil prices are down and unpredictable. But oil stocks like Suncor could be undervalued even in the worst-case scenario. Value-oriented investors should keep an eye on this sector.